Bloom’s Taxonomy – Can It Survive the 21st Century
Finding a source to support Bloom’s taxonomy for learning was very easy. Most areas of learning supported Benjamin Bloom’s classification system. The article by the University of North Carolina http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/4719 talked about how Bloom’s Taxonomy can be utilized across grade levels and content areas. Though this was created over 50 years ago, they saw relevance in it use even today. It was stated that the taxonomy can be aligned with local, state and national standards. They encouraged teachers to write their lesson plan in the language that focuses on each level.
Will at Work Learning had within its’ walls an article written by Brenda Sugrue, PhD, CPT. It was called the Problems with Bloom. http://www.willatworklearning.com/2006/07/blooms_taxonomy.html She claims that times are changing but yet we are stuck with a method that was written over 50 years ago. Her rationale was that the taxonomy was developed before we understood the cognitive processes involved in learning and performance, but now that we do understand the cognitive process, we must change. Brenda thinks Bloom’s Taxonomy is invalid, unreliable, and impractical. Her replacement would be to use facts, concepts, principle/rules, procedures and process as they relate to the issue.
Our children of today are no longer listening and regurgitating information. They want to know the why’s, how’s’ and when’s’. Educators must become creative in their planning. I see some truth in what Brenda is saying. We need to make changes to meet demands, however Bloom’ taxonomy is still relevant for today. Bloom’s taxonomy is listed to move from lower to higher order of thinking. It has a progression which is still important for both algebra and calculus use. Due to the fast pace of technology some questions that our students ask may not be on Bloom’s order of business and as a result we must be prepared to answer outside the box. I guess this is what Brenda is talking about.
We have to begin to move away from the norm in order to prepare our children for tomorrow. As stated in one of the visual interlude I looked at earlier, our children are preparing for jobs that have not as yet been created. I agree that we need to develop a narrative that sustains 21st century learning. This may include some of bloom’s taxonomy along some new ideas for learning.